Generative artificial intelligence has become deeply embedded in the educational environment, impacting students, teachers and parents. A report by and GAD3 entitled "The Impact of AI on Education in Spain" shows how these technologies are changing education in the country.

The document states that 82% of students have already used AI tools at some point. In addition, 73% of teachers and 69% of parents have discovered artificial intelligence.

Parents have used AI to develop new ideas (64%) and to supplement subject content (50%).

In terms of primary academic uses, 58% of students surveyed stated that AI is used to complete assignments, followed by supplementing subject content (56%) and learning and preparing for exams (50%).

The most popular AI tools include chatbots such as ChatGPT. Forty percent of students, 31% of parents and 22% of teachers use them as a frequent source of information.

OpenAI's technology has sparked curiosity among all of these groups. ChatGPT was used by 91% of students, 86% of teachers and 71% of families.

In terms of how people are introduced to these tools, more than 70% of study participants said they had heard about AI through social media or Google. More than half have heard about it on TV, on the radio or in the press, namely 86% of teachers, 74% of parents and 54% of students.


Data protection

The use of artificial intelligence in education also raises particular concerns. These are primarily about data protection guidelines and the handling of personal data. Most respondents expressed the need for updated legal frameworks to ensure proper information management.

Participants in the study also believe that AI poses challenges in terms of reliability and objectivity.

On a scale of 10, the parents surveyed rate these at 6.2 and 6.3 respectively. For teachers, these scores drop even further: 5.2 for objectivity and 5.4 for accuracy. Minors also know that AI can sometimes provide incorrect information; 56% believe this.

The perception of whether AI is positive or negative also varies depending on who you ask. Fifty-seven percent of parents see the impact of AI on their children's education as positive, but only 39% of teachers share this view.

Conversely, the majority of adults (61%) believe that artificial intelligence will have a positive impact on their children's future employment.

AI is also seen as beneficial when searching for new information and explaining content.

However, there are reservations about AI's contribution to the development of key skills for minors, such as creativity and critical thinking (rated at 5.9 and 5.6 out of 10 respectively). Teachers rate AI even lower when it comes to promoting autonomy and creativity (4.5 and 4.2).

The study also shows that while students believe they have a knowledge level of over 5 out of 10 when using AI tools, they clearly need to be educated on how to use this technology responsibly.

For the preparation of this fifth report presented by Empantallados and GAD3, a survey was conducted among a representative sample of Spanish parents with teenage children, minors between 14 and 17 years old and non-college teachers.

The work was also supported by "Por un uso love de la tecnología" by Orange, the European Commission and Fundación Fomento.