Latin America is slowly trying to take center stage in the global dialogue on AI regulation. Countries such as Argentina, Chile, Peru, Mexico, Colombia and Brazil are at different legal stages of formulating and implementing national AI strategies. These reflect the collective recognition of the transformative potential of AI and the need to harness its benefits while mitigating associated risks.

Argentina has sought to adapt to change with its program for transparency and protection of personal data in the use of AI, highlighting the importance of protecting privacy and strengthening the accountability of AI developer companies. This initiative is crucial considering the increasing use of AI in decision-making processes that affect citizens' lives. Argentina's approach is an example of its commitment to ensure that AI development is in line with global standards, such as the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development Principles on Artificial Intelligence, which call for the responsible use of trustworthy AI.


Chile is one of the countries that has most eagerly pushed its intention to regulate AI with its legislative proposals. That the country is focused on establishing clear guidelines for using AI, especially in public administration, indicates a balanced approach to harnessing the technology's capabilities according to ethical and social considerations. Chile's efforts to incorporate AI into its national development agenda reflect a forward-looking perspective on AI governance.


Peru stands out for its specific regulation of AI technology, demonstrating that the country recognized early on the need for specific legal frameworks to address the unique challenges of these systems. By focusing on data protection in AI applications, Peru is trying to strike a balance between technological progress and the protection of personal freedoms.


Mexico's struggle with AI regulation highlights the complexity of integrating AI into different sectors while ensuring ethical use and data privacy. The country is navigating the intricacies of promoting AI innovation throughout its economy and recognizes the need for regulatory mechanisms to prevent abuse and bias in AI applications.


Colombia has embarked on a journey to regulate AI through public policy. Several bills have been introduced to comprehensively regulate the development and application of AI technologies. These legislative efforts demonstrate Colombia's commitment to creating a robust framework for AI that is aligned with citizens' rights and social good.


Brazil is developing a national AI strategy that promises to place the country at the forefront of AI development in Latin America. The Brazilian approach embraces both the economic opportunities presented by AI and the ethical requirements of fair use of the technology. The country's focus on promoting innovation by ensuring the responsible use of AI systems reflects a holistic view of AI's role in social progress.


The road ahead: challenges and opportunities

As Latin American countries move forward with their AI strategies, they face a number of common challenges, such as the need for comprehensive legal frameworks, mitigation of bias, and protection of personal data. However, these challenges also present opportunities for collaboration both within the region and with international partners to share best practices and develop standards that meet the specific needs and aspirations of Latin American societies.

In summary, the landscape of AI regulation in Latin America is characterized by a dynamic interplay of innovation, policy development and ethical considerations. The strategies pursued by countries such as Argentina, Chile, Peru, Mexico, Colombia and Brazil underscore the regional commitment to address the AI revolution with a balanced and inclusive approach. As these countries refine their AI policies, the lessons learned will contribute to the global discourse on responsible AI governance and offer valuable insights for harmonizing technological advancement and human-centered values.